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Supreme Court of the United States

Justice, Government Agency

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States, and leads the federal judiciary. It consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed with the "advice and consent" (majority vote) of the Senate. Once appointed, Justices effectively have life tenure, serving "during good Behaviour", which terminates only upon death, resignation, retirement, or conviction on impeachment.

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    Justice, Government Agency    

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    Supreme Court of the United States                

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  • Lincoln had pledged to accept the Taney Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case in a campaign speech that he delivered in the summer of 1856 at Galena, Illinois, for Republican presidential candidate John Frémont. While conceding that his party would do all in its political power to prohibit the spread of slavery in U.S. territories, Lincoln denied the Democrats’ charge that Republicans were “disunionists.” The U.S. Supreme Court was the tribunal to decide whether Congress had the constitutional authority to exclude slavery from the territories, he told the crowd. He vowed that Republicans “will submit to its decisions; and if you [Democrats] do also, there will be an end to the matter.” Lincoln’s promise was more a challenge to Frémont’s pro-slavery opponents to respect the law than a vote of confidence in the Taney Court. His pledge nonetheless reflected his abiding faith in the rule of law and, implicitly, in the integrity of the justices who served on the Supreme Court.

    James F. SimonThe Presidents and the Supreme Court

From This Book

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    James F. Simon

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    William H. Rehnquist

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    2010
    Erwin Chemerinsky

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    2009
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    2006
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  • I Know Who You Are and I Saw What You Did

    2012
    Lori Andrews

  • At the Hands of Persons Unknown

    2003
    Philip Dray

  • FDR and Chief Justice Hughes

    2012
    James F. Simon

  • All the Laws but One

    2000
    William H. Rehnquist

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    2006
    Mark S. Weiner

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  • Rehnquist

    2009
    Herman Obermayer

  • History of American Labor

    2008
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    2003
    Richard Moran

  • Centennial Crisis

    2005
    William H. Rehnquist

  • Tilted

    2011
    Steven Skurka