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Madison Square Garden

Lower Manhattan, New York, United States of America

Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG and known colloquially as The Garden, is the name of the arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan, located at 8th Avenue between 31st and 33rd Streets, situated on top of Pennsylvania Station. The arena opened on February 11, 1968, and is the fourth incarnation of the arena in the city. One Penn Plaza stands at its side. Several other operating entities related to the venue share its name.

  • Country

    United States of America                          

  • Roles

    Building, Venue                                   

  • The Place

    Madison Square Garden                             


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  • A multipurpose structure, the second Madison Square Garden included an auditorium, which was designed to accommodate circuses, horse shows, and rodeos, among other events. It also included a ballroom, an opera house, a restaurant, and a rooftop cabaret for dining and musical comedy productions. The second Garden, like the first, stood on the site where P. T. Barnum had leased an abandoned railroad warehouse and train depot from the railroad tycoon William Vanderbilt, who had moved his railroad operations twenty blocks northward into an edifice that had been named Grand Central Terminal. Barnum had converted the warehouse and depot into an entertainment mecca for his circus and other events. The name was changed to Gilmore's Garden after one of Barnum's bandmasters, Patrick Gilmore, leased the building from Vanderbilt in 1875. When Gilmore's lease expired three years later, Commodore Vanderbilt's son, William, took over and began staging events that appealed to society, such as horse and dog shows. Because of its location, he also named the building Madison Square Garden. But lacking any semblance of elegance, the old railroad depot was found wanting by its predominantly society gatherings and in 1889 Vanderbilt decided to tear down the drafty old shed.

    Jack CavanaughTunney

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