United States of America

Texas is the second-largest U.S. state in both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous United States. The name, meaning "friends" or "allies" in Caddo, was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east.

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    United States of America                          

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  • Now it was Austin’s turn to feel aggrieved, and he took his case to the colonists. Detailing his efforts to secure their titles to the land they occupied, he said, “Look at the difficulties I have had to surmount, the risks of property, of life, of all, which I have exposed myself to; consider the advantages which you will receive from my labors; and then let your unbiased judgment decide upon my motives and say whether I have been right or wrong in the measures which I have adopted.” He reminded the settlers that he had been forthright from the beginning about the terms of settlement, including the twelve-and-a-half-cent fee they would be charged. He pointed out that although Texas was welcoming enough now, it hadn’t been so at the time his father applied for permission to establish the colony. “Let it be remembered that at that time this Province, with the exception of San Antonio and La Bahía, was a desert, that it was interdicted to the American settler. . . . Until this permission was obtained by my father, those who emigrated here did so, as it were, by stealth and without any other security for their property or lives than the caprice of the commandants who governed.” He conceded that the Texas project had originated as a speculation, but once the settlers began arriving it became something else to him. “Success was now no longer considered by me so much a matter of speculation as a point of honor to redeem my pledged word to the settlers.” He rebutted the allegations that he stood to make a fortune from the acreage fee, citing the high cost of surveys (which averaged, he said, seventy dollars per league, or more than twice the twenty-seven dollars Saucedo allowed), the taxes due the government, and the discount that had to be applied to the in-kind payments he accepted. “I appeal to you all to say whether I would now get, either here or anywhere else, 40, 50, or 60 dollars for horses which I have received at 100, 120, or 150 dollars.”

    H.W. BrandsLone Star Nation

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